Romans 1:21 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 1:21, NIV: "For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened." Read Introduction to Romans. They might be said to know God when they confessed Him as the Creator of the world, and had some conception of His unity, wisdom, and power. Their heart was inconsiderate: that is, they made no serious, conscientious use of their understanding. ‘Vanity’ is a characteristic term for idol-worship; Deuteronomy 32:21; 2 Kings 17:5; Jeremiah 2:5; Acts 14:15. To glorify God signifies to acknowledge and worship Him with ascriptions of praise, because of His glorious attributes. 22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools, 23 and () exchanged the glory of () the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things. The Apostle may particularly refer to the wise men among the heathen, but the same truth applies to all. Respecting their general notions of deity, these represented the true God; but respecting their erroneous notions, these only represented the phantoms of their imagination. 21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened.. Romans 1:24-32. Professing themselves to be wise - This is most strikingly true of all the ancient philosophers, whether Greeks or Romans, as their works, which remain, sufficiently testify. Romans 1:21–25 ESV For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. A related word is constantly used in the Old Testament in connection with idolatry. 21 For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they () became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. Paganism itself is the proof that the human mind had really conceived the notion of God; for this notion appears at the root of all the varied forms of paganism. Romans 1:21. The fact which renders them inexcusable is now stated. Adam Clarke Commentary. This hath chief respect to the conception and opinions that the heathen framed to themselves of the Divine Being. For the invisible things of him Not the angels, the invisible inhabitants of heaven: nor the unseen glories of another world; nor the decrees of God; nor the persons in the Godhead; but the perfections of God, or his "properties", as the Arabic version reads it; and which are explained by "his eternal power and Godhead": these, “Because that when they knew God — The writings of Plato, Xenophon, Plutarch, Cicero, and other philosophers, which still remain, together with the quotations made by Just. Verse 21 — Because that, where they knew God, they glorified Him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Not to recognise or believe in God is not, like the ignoring a person in history or a fact in science, purely an intellectual defect, but also a moral. Because that - The apostle here is showing that it was right to condemn people for their sins. И апостол не без причины добавляет, что они не возблагодарили Бога, ибо нет никого, кто не был бы обязан Богу за Его бесчисленные благодеяния. From this it follows that He ought to be our last end. Because of it ( ) God gave them up. chap. Вечность Его явствует из того, что Он – Создатель всего. “The understanding was reduced to work in vacuo. (Romans 1:18-32 Commentary) (Romans 1:24-32 Man Given Up to His Own Way: The Heathen) Franz Joseph Haydn - (1732-1809) was present at the Vienna Music Hall, where his oratorio The Creation was being performed. To this first stage, which is rather of an inward kind, there has succeeded a second and more external one. αὐτ. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Romans 12 Commentary, this commentary is from the most widely read and often quoted preacher in history, Charles Haddon Spurgeon Romans 1:16-32 ESV Easy-Print Commentary. His eternity appears evident, because he is the maker of all things — his power, because he holds all things in his hand and continues their existence — his wisdom, because he has arranged things in such an exquisite order — his goodness, for there is no other cause than himself, why he created all things, and no other reason, why he should be induced to preserve them — his justice, because in his government he punishes the guilty and defends the innocent — his mercy, because he bears with so much forbearance the perversity of men — and his truth, because he is unchangeable. But became vain in their imaginations.—They were frustrated—reached no good and sound result with their speculations. of The objects of their professed worship were either the works of God, or idols. 10:31; Отк. Romans 1:21 Context. It designates the heart, or understanding, as void of spiritual discernment and wisdom — unintelligent in Divine things, though subtle and perspicacious as to the things of the world. The new knowledge of which they went in quest proved to be fiction; the old knowledge that they had was obscured and lost by their folly. — Paul calls all their philosophy reasonings, because they related to words and notions, divested of use or efficacy. Thus in the present instance, in Romans 1:19, Romans 1:20, he proved that the heathen had a knowledge of God which rendered them inexcusable, and then the fact that they were without excuse, is proved by showing that they did not act in accordance with the truth. The heathens are now in the last stage, i. e., brutality, and the Romanists in idolatry, and the Protestants in intellectualism, seeking the power of natural talent and education instead of the spiritual dynamite which constitutes the only definition of gospel in the Bible. The words as God also depend logically on were thankful, which we have not been able to express in French [nor in English]. This is the vanity which the apostle here speaketh of. And by that knowledge and love of the Holy One, man’s whole nature was regulated in harmony with itself and with God. Home » Bible Commentaries » Comments on Romans. Romans 1:16-32 ESV Easy-Print Large Print Commentary. They found themselves struggling in the dark and sought to come up with a solution which would satisfy their desires and the desires of the masses, without having to face up to the truth. И поелику люди не признали в Боге этих качеств, но измыслили какие-то пустые фантазии, заслуженно говорится о них, что злодейски лишили они Бога Его славы. The Apostle here marks two evils: the one, that they were destitute of the knowledge of the truth; and the other, that they were filled with error, for here their darkness does not simply signify ignorance, but a knowledge false and depraved. 1:21), which results in doing every kind of evil to one another (Rom. of fear of him, love to him, or trust in him, nor by any external Commentary | Romans 1:21-23. But the result of rejecting the light was that their senseless heart was darkened. Knowing God by revelation should result in … Instead of opening himself to the action of the light, man withdrew from it his heart and will; instead of developing the truth, he quenched it. Как они, познав Бога. Paul appeals to Roman Christians "to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God" (v. 1). "Glorified him not as God"-They knew more than they did. Vain in their imaginations—Rather, their reasonings. ‘Glorify’ refers to praising God for what He is. They put the candle of the Lord under a bushel, and the candle went out. The term ἐματαιώθησαν, were struck with vanity, evidently alludes to μάταια, vain things, which was the name given by the Jews to idols (comp. ἐματαιώθησαν] הָבַל, vanus fuit, is used of worshipping idols, 2 Kings 17:15; Jeremiah 2:5, and הֶבֶל, vanitas, of an idol. ii. . the universe; they did not glorify him by the internal exercise In this sense the word φασκειν is used by the best Greek writers. Meyer, as quoted by Murray, explains it thus: It is a frightening and sober thought that all of the carnal debaucheries and gross vulgar conduct revealed a little later in this chapter, as marking the wickedness of those ancient Gentiles, should have begun with so mild and apparently innocuous a thing as neglect of worship and failure to :give thanks to God. Ведь Бога нельзя представить Себе без Его вечности, силы, премудрости, благости, истины, праведности, милости. And we may here learn that an unwillingness to thank God for his mercies is one of the most certain causes of alienation and hardness of heart. There were also the Egyptians, who worshipped as gods, brute animals, oxen, geese, birds, crocodiles, yea, what grew in their gardens, garlic’s and onions. Claiming to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things. "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter One OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To be impressed with the all-sufficiency of the gospel 2) To see how God's wrath may be directed toward our society today SUMMARY As is the custom in most of his epistles, Paul begins by … Romans 2:15).’ The conceptions, ideas, and reflections, which they formed for themselves regarding the Deity, were wholly devoid of any intrinsic value corresponding with the truth’ (Meyer.) 21. (3) to do this, they fix their affections on other things; and hence, the pagan expressed their gratitude not to God, but to the sun, and moon, and stars, etc., the mediums by which God bestows his favors upon people. They did violence to their judgments, and became void of judgment: they lost their understanding, because they would not follow its direction. They glorified him not - They did not give him that worship which his perfections required. Knew God . “For Christ has accomplished the whole purpose of the law. Commentary on Romans 12:1-8 View Bible Text At first glance, Paul’s appeal to his audience to “present your bodies as a living sacrifice” for “your spiritual worship” might sound like he is demanding an esoteric or mystical kind of devotion. Это значит признать Его величие и превознести Его выше небес. —So that the twilight of pantheism first came on, and then the midnight of atheism or idolatry. (see Burton’s Moods and Tenses, § 411). Hilda Bright and Keith Simons. These words are all frequently used in reference to idolatry, as idols are in the Bible often called, μάταια, vanities. Their foolish heart was darkened. as the great Creator of all, distinct from and infinitely superior to all His works. See on Matthew 15:19; see on Mark 7:21; see on James 2:4. Romans 1:21. διὁτι. ], The intuitions by which God is known are largely the moral. Read Introduction to Romans . asunetos, as Romans 1:31. Because. This was the true source of their abominations. 3 Rev. This διότι is resumed from Romans 1:19. This accounts for the otherwise incredible blindness which is the chief characteristic of many so-called intellectuals who have turned away from faith in Christ. Was darkened - Was rendered obscure, so that they did not perceive and comprehend the truth. When once darkness is suffered to overspread the mind, an impotent stupidity of all the active powers of the soul is the result; and thus the truth which God left with and in men, instead of having free scope to acquire strength and develop itself, came by degrees to be lost, and the still, small voice of conscience, first disregarded, was next thwarted, and at length systematically disregarded. It is not merely intellectual darkness or ignorance which the apostle describes in this verse, but the whole moral state. The opposite of this is what is meant by the expression, ‘neither were thankful;’ and this is what the heathens were not, for they ascribed one part of what they possessed to the stars, another part to fortune, and another to their own wisdom. Не делая этого, человек наносит величайшее оскорбление Своему Творцу (Деян. But the almost forces us to take the as expressing result: so that they are inexcusable, because, etc. Romans 8:1-11. See Matthew 15:19. foolish. [They glorified Him not as the God] eternal, almighty, and to be continually honoured by showing forth His glory, and by thanksgiving.— ἐδόξασαν ἢ ἐυχαρίστησαν, they glorified or were thankful) We ought to render thanks for benefits; and to glorify Him on account of the divine perfections themselves, contrary to the opinion of Hobbes. This was a just judgment upon them for their abuse of knowledge, and pride, of which in the next verse. Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Romans 1:21-25. Only this is what happened: the revelation did not pass from the passive to the active form. Men often justify their neglect of God by alleging that He has no need of their service, and that it cannot be profitable to Him; but we here see that He is to be glorified for His perfections, and thanked for His blessings. ], thoughts) Variable, uncertain, and foolish. Romans 8:22-27. The term διαλογισμοί, reasonings, is always taken by the writers of the New Testament in an unfavorable sense; it denotes the unregulated activity of the νοῦς, understanding, in the service of a corrupt heart. The words do not allow this idea. The lean, immense Secretariat building rises into the sky, the sun reflecting off its window walls. Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God. 2 Through him we have also c obtained access by faith 2 into this grace d in which we stand, and e we 3 rejoice 4 in hope of the glory of God. They glorified him not as God - They did not “honor” him as God. Исх. What is important is what does the Word of God say concerning the matter. What a terrible instance have we of this in the writings of Lucretius! Romans 1:21. Isaiah 52:11 exactly as in LXX. The whole of what the Apostle here says aptly describes, and will equally apply to, vain speculations of modern times. in contrast with this, Galatians 4:8 [when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which] by nature are no Gods.— θεὸν, God). The word ασυνετος, rendered foolish, signifies inconsiderate, in the highest and most culpable degree, as opposed to a sincere use of what means and knowledge of God they had. On his call, see Gal 1:15–16; 1 Cor 9:1; 15:8–10; Acts 9:1–22; 22:3–16; 26:4–18. Another sin mentioned in this verse, which the Heathens were guilty of, was the sin of unthankfulness. Благость – из того, что не было иной причины Ему все это создать, и нет иной причины, чтобы сохранять все созданное. The corruption of the heart is mentioned in the following words: it went side by side with the errors of reason, of which it is at once the cause and the effect. The thoughts of the people were foolish or empty. They had some natural notices of God implanted and imprinted in their minds, and such an additional knowledge of his being and attribute, as might be gained by an attentive study in the book of the creatures; but they rebelled against this light, and thereby contracted an aggravated guilt. At first glance, Paul’s appeal to his audience to “present your bodies as a living sacrifice” for “your spiritual worship” might sound like he is demanding an esoteric or mystical kind of devotion. — Ed. It is to become fitted for wrath at last, under the pressure of wrath all the time. Romans 1:21 because that, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither gave thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their senseless heart was darkened. ; that is, having forsaken the truth of God, they turned to the vanity of their own reason, all the acuteness of which is fading and passes away like vapor. The language itself, in connection with the writings of the wise men to whom the Apostle refers, leaves no good reason to doubt that he speaks of those speculations of the Grecian philosophers in which they have manifested the most profound subtlety and the most extravagant folly. As Paul points out in Romans 1, people are enslaved to a “debased mind” (Rom. Exceptions are allowed for (Romans 2:10), but this is the position as a whole. Their ideas and conceptions of God had no intrinsic value corresponding with the truth. They are not pleased with his perfections; and therefore the mind becomes fixed on other objects, and the heart gives free indulgence to its own sinful desires. Our sufferings now are nothing compared to the glory that will be revealed to us. Romans 1:18 - 1:21. 14: p. 364 and Cudworth's Intellectual System, ch. Однако следует отметить, на каком именно шаге познания остановились люди, о чем и говорит тут же. they glorified him not as God. For the invisible things of him Not the angels, the invisible inhabitants of heaven: nor the unseen glories of another world; nor the decrees of God; nor the persons in the Godhead; but the perfections of God, or his "properties", as the Arabic version reads it; and which are explained by "his eternal power and Godhead": these, No doubt acts of worship and thanksgiving addressed to the gods were not wanting in paganism; but it is not without meaning that the apostle takes care to put the words in front: as God. Now the heathens, though in their speculations they might speak of God in a certain way consistent with some of His attributes, as His unity, spirituality, power, wisdom, and goodness, yet never reduced this to practice. The Gentiles turned their backs to God and became "vain in their reasonings." Werner Bible Commentary "For freedom Christ has freed us" — Galatians 5:1. Милосердие явствует из того, что с таким терпением сносит людскую порочность. Knowing God by revelation should result in His honor. would naturally express purpose: to make men inexcusable is one, though not the only or the ultimate, intention of God in giving this revelation. See Matthew 15:16. Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service. “Whatever the right reason within,” says [Pareus ], “or the frame of the world without, might have suggested respecting God, they indulged in pleasing speculations, specious reasonings, and in subtle and frivolous conclusions; some denied the existence of a God, as Epicurus and Democritus — others doubted, as Protagoras and Diagoras — others affirmed the existence of many gods, and these, as the Platonics, maintained that they are not corporeal, while the Greeks and Romans held them to be so, who worshipped dead men, impious, cruel, impure, and wicked. 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